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JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions

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Research article
Use of learner-driven, formative, ad-hoc, prospective assessment of competence in physical therapist clinical education in the United States: a prospective cohort study  
Carey Holleran, Jeffrey Konrad, Barbara Norton, Tamara Burlis, Steven Ambler
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2023;20:36.   Published online December 8, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2023.20.36
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  • 118 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
The purpose of this project was to implement a process for learner-driven, formative, prospective, ad-hoc, entrustment assessment in Doctor of Physical Therapy clinical education. Our goals were to develop an innovative entrustment assessment tool, and then explore whether the tool detected (1) differences between learners at different stages of development and (2) differences within learners across the course of a clinical education experience. We also investigated whether there was a relationship between the number of assessments and change in performance.
Methods
A prospective, observational, cohort of clinical instructors (CIs) was recruited to perform learner-driven, formative, ad-hoc, prospective, entrustment assessments. Two entrustable professional activities (EPAs) were used: (1) gather a history and perform an examination and (2) implement and modify the plan of care, as needed. CIs provided a rating on the entrustment scale and provided narrative support for their rating.
Results
Forty-nine learners participated across 4 clinical experiences (CEs), resulting in 453 EPA learner-driven assessments. For both EPAs, statistically significant changes were detected both between learners at different stages of development and within learners across the course of a CE. Improvement within each CE was significantly related to the number of feedback opportunities.
Conclusion
The results of this pilot study provide preliminary support for the use of learner-driven, formative, ad-hoc assessments of competence based on EPAs with a novel entrustment scale. The number of formative assessments requested correlated with change on the EPA scale, suggesting that formative feedback may augment performance improvement.
Review
Characteristics and 10 key components of interpersonal caring: a narrative review  
Susie Kim
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2022;19:17.   Published online July 25, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2022.19.17
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  • 260 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
This paper aims to help people understand better the lives of people who are mentally ill by describing the general concept of the Interpersonal Caring Theory (ICT) and deducing 10 key components of interpersonal caring. The literature review described the definition of interpersonal caring, and its assumptions and characteristics. Furthermore, the authors’ experience with patient care suggested the critical components of interpersonal caring, which is the compassion-based therapeutic actions/behaviors through the collaborative partnership developed between nurse and client. Essential characteristics of interpersonal caring include the following: person-to-person interaction between nurse and patient, genuine love and concern toward the person, conveying trust and hope, transcending space, time, and culture, holistic approach expressed through a comprehensive and dynamic mode of communication, helping the patient focus on their self-worth, and providing culturally relevant and sensitive nursing. Ten key components of interpersonal caring in ICT include noticing, participating, sharing, active listening, companioning, complimenting, comforting, hoping, forgiving, and accepting. Interpersonal caring results from the blended understanding of the empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and intuitive aspects of a given clinical situation, and a nexus of pre-conditions, content, feelings, and sense of self-worth/self-esteem.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Disparidades de salud en el mundo real de los pacientes con esclerosis múltiple
    Roberto Rotta Escalante, Osvaldo Fustinoni, María Elisa Barone, José R. Elli, María del Carmen Martínez Perea
    Neurología Argentina.2023; 15(1): 37.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions