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Integration of computer-simulated practical exercises into undergraduate medical pharmacology education at Mulungushi University, Zambia  
Christian Chinyere Ezeala
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2020;17:8.   Published online February 24, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.8
  • 8,091 View
  • 233 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study was conducted to determine whether a computer simulation of practical exercises in undergraduate medical pharmacology led to the realization of the intended learning outcomes.
Methods
The study was a descriptive analysis of laboratory classes carried out using computer simulation programs. Five programs were used to teach practical pharmacology to undergraduate medical students at the Mulungushi University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. The study period was January 2018 to December 2019. The computer programs included a pharmacokinetics simulator (CyberPatient), organ bath simulator (OBSim), AutonomiCAL for simulating autonomic pharmacology, and Virtual Cat and Virtual Rat (RatCVS) for simulating cardiovascular pharmacology. Students utilized these programs during their pharmacology laboratory classes, wrote reports, and answered relevant clinical questions.
Results
The 5 programs provided easy and precise platforms for students to explore concepts and demonstrate knowledge of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, autonomic and cardiovascular pharmacology, and their clinical applications.
Conclusion
The programs were effective learning tools. Students’ learning was easily assessed based on their laboratory reports. Although the computer programs met medical students’ learning needs, wet laboratory exercises are also needed to meet the needs of students who require practical laboratory skills.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Quality and impact of pharmacology digital simulation education on pre-registration healthcare students: A systematic literature review
    Sharad Rayamajhi, Alison Machin, Cathal Breen, Gdiom Gebreheat, Ruth Paterson
    Nurse Education Today.2024; 140: 106295.     CrossRef
  • Simulation as a Tool to Illustrate Clinical Pharmacology Concepts to Healthcare Program Learners
    Liza Barbarello Andrews, Les Barta
    Current Pharmacology Reports.2020; 6(4): 182.     CrossRef
Research Article
Learning gain of pharmacy students after introducing guided inquiry learning with computer simulation in a pharmacology class in Fiji  
Christian C Ezeala, Arnold A Ram, Napolioni Vulakouvaki
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2013;10:9.   Published online December 23, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2013.10.9
  • 29,293 View
  • 156 Download
  • 12 Crossref
PDF

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A systematic review on the use of virtual patient and computer-based simulation for experiential pharmacy education
    Chamipa Phanudulkitti, Surangkana Puengrung, Rittnarong Meepong, Kathryn Vanderboll, Karen Bell Farris, Sarah E. Vordenberg
    Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy.2023; 11: 100316.     CrossRef
  • Simulation-Based Education Implementation in Pharmacy Curriculum: A Review of the Current Status
    Ghazwa B Korayem, Omar A Alshaya, Sawsan M Kurdi, Lina I Alnajjar, Aisha F Badr, Amjaad Alfahed, Ameera Cluntun
    Advances in Medical Education and Practice.2022; Volume 13: 649.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the educational technology use in undergraduate pharmacy teaching and learning – A systematic review
    Chooi Yeng Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
    Pharmacy Education.2021; 21: 159.     CrossRef
  • Integration of computer-simulated practical exercises into undergraduate medical pharmacology education at Mulungushi University, Zambia
    Christian Chinyere Ezeala
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2020; 17: 8.     CrossRef
  • Simulation as a Tool to Illustrate Clinical Pharmacology Concepts to Healthcare Program Learners
    Liza Barbarello Andrews, Les Barta
    Current Pharmacology Reports.2020; 6(4): 182.     CrossRef
  • Assessing the effectiveness of an online dental pharmacology course
    Miguel A. Morales‐Pérez, Alba R. Muñoz‐Gómez, Gabriela Argumedo, José F. Gómez‐Clavel
    Journal of Dental Education.2020; 84(8): 902.     CrossRef
  • A Review of Research on Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning: Implications for Research and Practice
    Jon-Marc G. Rodriguez, Kevin H. Hunter, Leah J. Scharlott, Nicole M. Becker
    Journal of Chemical Education.2020; 97(10): 3506.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacists’ Knowledge and Practice of Issues Related to Using Psychotropic Medication in Elderly People in Ethiopia: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study
    Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Alemante Tafese Beyna
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Examining the effectiveness of guided inquiry with problem-solving process and cognitive function training in a high school chemistry course
    Niwat Tornee, Tassanee Bunterm, Kerry Lee, Supaporn Muchimapura
    Pedagogies: An International Journal.2019; 14(2): 126.     CrossRef
  • Curriculum integration of virtual patients
    Karen Dahri, Kimberley MacNeil, Fong Chan, Emilie Lamoureux, Mattie Bakker, Katherine Seto, Janice Yeung
    Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.2019; 11(12): 1309.     CrossRef
  • Palestinian pharmacists’ knowledge of issues related to using psychotropic medications in older people: a cross-sectional study
    Ramzi Shawahna, Mais Khaskiyyi, Hadeel Abdo, Yasmen Msarwe, Rania Odeh, Souad Salame
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2017; 14: 8.     CrossRef
  • Peritoneal Dialysis University for Surgeons: A Peritoneal Access Training Program
    John H. Crabtree, Todd Penner, Sean W. Armstrong, John Burkart
    Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis.2016; 36(2): 177.     CrossRef
Original Article
Feedback on and knowledge, attitude, and skills at the end of pharmacology practical sessions
P. Ravi Shankar, Nisha Jha, Omi Bajracharya, Sukh B Gurung, Kundan K. Singh
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2011;8:12.   Published online November 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2011.8.12
  • 35,732 View
  • 158 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Concern has been raised about inadequate pharmacology teaching in medical schools and the high incidence of prescribing errors by doctors in training. Modifications in pharmacology teaching have been carried out in many countries. The present study was carried out using a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain students??perceptions of their knowledge, attitudes, and skills with regard to different subject areas related to rational prescribing at the end of two-year activity-based pharmacology practical learning sessions in a private medical school in Nepal. The effectiveness of the sessions and strengths and suggestions to further improve the sessions were also obtained. The median total knowledge, attitude, skills and overall scores were calculated and compared among different subgroups of respondents. The median effectiveness score was also calculated. Eighty of the 100 students participated; 37 were male and 43 female. The median knowledge, attitude, and skills scores were 24, 39, and 23, respectively (maximum scores being 27, 45, and 36). The median total score was 86 (maximum score being 108). The effectiveness score for most subject areas was 3 (maximum 4). The strengths were the activity-based nature of the session, use of videos and role-plays, and repeated practice. Students wanted more sessions and practice in certain areas. They also wanted more resources and an internet connection in the practical room. The skills scores were relatively low. The immediate impact of the sessions was positive. Studies may be needed to assess the long term impact. Similar programs should be considered in other medical schools in Nepal and other developing countries.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Events related to medication errors and related factors involving nurses’ behavior to reduce medication errors in Japan: a Bayesian network modeling-based factor analysis and scenario analysis
    Naotaka Sugimura, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2024; 21: 12.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacists’ Knowledge and Practice of Issues Related to Using Psychotropic Medication in Elderly People in Ethiopia: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study
    Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Alemante Tafese Beyna
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Palestinian pharmacists’ knowledge of issues related to using psychotropic medications in older people: a cross-sectional study
    Ramzi Shawahna, Mais Khaskiyyi, Hadeel Abdo, Yasmen Msarwe, Rania Odeh, Souad Salame
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2017; 14: 8.     CrossRef
  • Role-Play Preceded by Fieldwork in the Teaching of Pharmacology: from “Raw Sap” to “Elaborated Sap”
    Daniel Riani Gotardelo, Valdes Roberto Bóllela, Anderson Proust Gonçalves Souza, Daiane de Paula Barros, Jesus Mística Ventura Balbino, Denise Ballester
    Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica.2017; 41(4): 533.     CrossRef
  • Recall of Theoretical Pharmacology Knowledge by 6th Year Medical Students and Interns of Three Medical Schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    A. A. Mustafa, H. A. Alassiry, A. Al-Turki, N. Alamri, N. A. Alhamdan, Abdalla Saeed
    Education Research International.2016; 2016: 1.     CrossRef
  • Transcripts of a Medical Education in Humanities Module
    P. Ravi Shankar, Kundan Kr. Singh, Ajaya Dhakal, Arati Shakya, Rano M. Piryani
    International Journal of User-Driven Healthcare.2012; 2(3): 63.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions