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Characteristics and 10 key components of interpersonal caring: a narrative review  
Susie Kim
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2022;19:17.   Published online July 25, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2022.19.17
  • 2,004 View
  • 166 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
This paper aims to help people understand better the lives of people who are mentally ill by describing the general concept of the Interpersonal Caring Theory (ICT) and deducing 10 key components of interpersonal caring. The literature review described the definition of interpersonal caring, and its assumptions and characteristics. Furthermore, the authors’ experience with patient care suggested the critical components of interpersonal caring, which is the compassion-based therapeutic actions/behaviors through the collaborative partnership developed between nurse and client. Essential characteristics of interpersonal caring include the following: person-to-person interaction between nurse and patient, genuine love and concern toward the person, conveying trust and hope, transcending space, time, and culture, holistic approach expressed through a comprehensive and dynamic mode of communication, helping the patient focus on their self-worth, and providing culturally relevant and sensitive nursing. Ten key components of interpersonal caring in ICT include noticing, participating, sharing, active listening, companioning, complimenting, comforting, hoping, forgiving, and accepting. Interpersonal caring results from the blended understanding of the empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and intuitive aspects of a given clinical situation, and a nexus of pre-conditions, content, feelings, and sense of self-worth/self-esteem.
Educational/faculty development material
Guidelines for the management of extravasation  
Jung Tae Kim, Jeong Yun Park, Hyun Jung Lee, Young Ju Cheon
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2020;17:21.   Published online August 10, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.21
  • 15,171 View
  • 690 Download
  • 18 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
The purpose of these practice guidelines is to offer and share strategies for preventing extravasation and measures for handling drugs known to cause tissue necrosis, which may occur even with the most skilled experts at intravenous (IV) injection. Herein, general knowledge about extravasation is first described, including its definition, incidence, risk factors, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and extravasation injuries. Management of extravasation includes nursing intervention and thermal application. At the first sign of extravasation, nursing intervention with following steps is recommended: stop administration of IV fluids immediately, disconnect the IV tube from the cannula, aspirate any remaining drug from the cannula, administer drug-specific antidote, and notify the physician. Local thermal treatments are used to decrease the site reaction and absorption of the infiltrate. Local cooling (ice packs) aids in vasoconstriction, theoretically limiting the drug dispersion. Although clear benefit has not been demonstrated with thermal applications, it remains a standard supportive care. The recommended application schedule for both warm and cold applications is 15 to 20 minutes, every 4 hours, for 24 to 48 hours. For prevention of extravasation, health professionals should be familiar with the extravasation management standard guidelines. They should regularly check the extravasation kit, assess patients’ sensory changes, tingling or burning, and always pay attention to patients’ words. The medical team’s continuous education on extravasation is essential. With the practical use of these guidelines, it is expected to reduce the occurrence rate of extravasation and contribute to patient care improvement.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Peripheral venous extravasation injury
    M.J. Billingham, R. Mittal
    BJA Education.2023; 23(2): 42.     CrossRef
  • Cutaneous Management after Extravasation of High-Concentrated Amino Acid Solution Administered for Renal Protection in PRRT
    Chaninart Sakulpisuti, Wichana Chamroonrat, Supatporn Tepmongkol
    Tomography.2022; 8(1): 356.     CrossRef
  • An updated narrative review on the management of the most common oncological and hematological emergencies
    Ali Issani
    Disease-a-Month.2022; : 101355.     CrossRef
  • SOP Einteilung und Therapie von Paravasaten
    Svenja Wulf
    Onkologie up2date.2022; 4(02): 116.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding management of extravasation of chemotherapeutic drugs
    Prakash Pooja, Chandra Ayush , Kotha Malathi , Das Santosh Kumar , Prakash Barsha , Chandra Avinash , Sherpa Gyaljin , Acharya Sudikshya
    Insights on the Depression and Anxiety.2022; 6(1): 018.     CrossRef
  • Intervenção de enfermagem perante o extravasamento de citostáticos - um contributo na prevenção da queimadura química
    Ana Marcelino, Marta Ganhão
    Onco.News.2022; (45): e067.     CrossRef
  • Yenidoğan yoğun bakım ünitesinde çalışan sağlık personelinin ekstravazasyon bilgi birikimi ve yönetimi
    Ayşen ORMAN, Yalçın ÇELİK, Nihan ÖZEL ERÇEL
    Mersin Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2022; : 465.     CrossRef
  • SOP Einteilung und Therapie von Paravasaten
    Svenja Wulf
    Frauenheilkunde up2date.2021; 15(02): 107.     CrossRef
  • Tissue distribution of epirubicin after severe extravasation in humans
    Jakob Nedomansky, Werner Haslik, Ursula Pluschnig, Christoph Kornauth, Christine Deutschmann, Stefan Hacker, Günther G. Steger, Rupert Bartsch, Robert M. Mader
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology.2021; 88(2): 203.     CrossRef
  • Novel Conformal Skin Patch with Embedded Thin-Film Electrodes for Early Detection of Extravasation
    Ruiqi Lim, Ramona B. Damalerio, Choon Looi Bong, Swee Kim Tan, Ming-Yuan Cheng
    Sensors.2021; 21(10): 3429.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy of combination of localized closure, ethacridine lactate dressing, and phototherapy in treatment of severe extravasation injuries: A case series
    Yan-Xu Lu, Ying Wu, Peng-Fei Liang, Rong-Chan Wu, Ling-Yun Tian, Hui-Ying Mo
    World Journal of Clinical Cases.2021; 9(18): 4599.     CrossRef
  • Modern approaches for long-term venous access in oncology
    Yu.V. Buydenok
    Onkologiya. Zhurnal imeni P.A.Gertsena.2021; 10(3): 69.     CrossRef
  • Elaboration and validation of an algorithm for treating peripheral intravenous infiltration and extravasation in children
    Luciano Marques dos Santos, Katharinne de Jesus Nunes, Cleonara Sousa Gomes e Silva, Denise Miyuki Kusahara, Elisa da Conceição Rodrigues, Ariane Ferreira Machado Avelar
    Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Measuring the Validity and Reliability of the Vascular Access Complication Staging and Treatment Instrument in a Pediatric Population
    Genieveve J. Cline, Virginia Pohlod, Kristina J. Burger, Ernest K. Amankwah
    Journal of Infusion Nursing.2021; 44(4): 225.     CrossRef
  • Nurses’ knowledge and experience related to short peripheral venous catheter extravasation
    Selma Atay, Şengül Üzen Cura, Sevda Efil
    The Journal of Vascular Access.2021; : 112972982110455.     CrossRef
  • Chemotherapy Extravasation: Incidence of and Factors Associated With Events in a Community Cancer Center
    Nancy Ehmke
    Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing.2021; 25(6): 680.     CrossRef
  • Drug Extravasation in a Large General Hospital in Hunan, China: A Retrospective Survey
    Zhihong Gong, Jinghui Zhang, Jianmei Hou, Shujie Chen, Zixin Hu, Xiaoya Kong, Guiyuan Ma, Lingxia Luo
    Risk Management and Healthcare Policy.2021; Volume 14: 4931.     CrossRef
  • The Journal Citation Indicator has arrived for Emerging Sources Citation Index journals, including the Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, in June 2021
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2021; 18: 20.     CrossRef
Research article
Development of a self-assessment tool for resident doctors’ communication skills in India  
Upendra Baitha, Piyush Ranjan, Siddharth Sarkar, Charu Arora, Archana Kumari, Sada Nand Dwivedi, Asmita Patil, Nayer Jamshed
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2019;16:17.   Published online June 24, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.17
  • 12,820 View
  • 231 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
Effective communication skills are essential for resident doctors to provide optimum patient care. This study was conducted to develop and validate a questionnaire for the self-assessment of resident doctors’ communication skills in India.
Methods
This was a mixed-methods study conducted in 2 phases. The first phase consisted of questionnaire development, including the identification of relevant literature, focus group discussions with residents and experts from clinical specialties, and pre-testing of the questionnaire. The second phase involved administering the questionnaire survey to 95 residents from the Departments of Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics, and Surgery at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India in April 2019. Internal consistency was tested and the factor structure was analyzed to test construct validity.
Results
The questionnaire consisted of 3 sections: (A) 4 items on doctor-patient conflicts and the role of communication skills in avoiding these conflicts, (B) 29 items on self-assessment of communication skills in different settings, and (C) 8 items on barriers to practicing good communication skills. Sections B and C had good internal consistency (Cronbach α: 0.885 and 0.771, respectively). Section C had a 2-factor solution, and the barriers were classified as ‘training’ and ‘infrastructure’ factors.
Conclusion
This appears to be a valid assessment tool of resident doctors’ communication skills, with potential utility for identifying gaps in communication skills and developing communication skills modules.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Developing a communication-skills training curriculum for resident-physicians to enhance patient outcomes at an academic medical centre: an ongoing mixed-methods study protocol
    Hamna Shahbaz, Ali Aahil Noorali, Maha Inam, Namra Qadeer, Asma Altaf Hussain Merchant, Adnan Ali Khan, Noreen Afzal, Komal Abdul Rahim, Ibrahim Munaf, Rida Ahmad, Muhammad Tariq, Adil H Haider
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(8): e056840.     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess preventive practices against COVID-19 pandemic in the general population
    Ayush Agarwal, Piyush Ranjan, Priyanka Rohilla, Yellamraju Saikaustubh, Anamika Sahu, Sada Nand Dwivedi, Aakansha, Upendra Baitha, Arvind Kumar
    Preventive Medicine Reports.2021; 22: 101339.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of a Comprehensive Questionnaire to Assess Interpersonal Discord (Bullying, Harassment, and Discrimination) at the Workplace in a Healthcare Setting
    Amandeep Singh, Piyush Ranjan, Tanveer Kaur, Siddharth Sarkar, Ashish D Upadhyay, Upendra Baitha, Prayas Sethi, Ranveer S Jadon, Pankaj Jorwal
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Evaluate Workplace Violence in Healthcare Settings
    Archana Kumari, Amandeep Singh, Piyush Ranjan, Siddharth Sarkar, Tanveer Kaur, Ashish D Upadhyay, Kirti Verma, Vignan Kappagantu, Ajay Mohan, Upendra Baitha
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The value of communicating with patients in their first language
    Piyush Ranjan, Archana Kumari, Charu Arora
    Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research.2020; 20(6): 559.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions