Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Sean P. Riley 2 Articles
Mentorship and self-efficacy are associated with lower burnout in physical therapists in the United States: a cross-sectional survey study  
Matthew S. Pugliese, Jean-Michel Brismée, Brad Allen, Sean P. Riley, Justin Tammany, Paul Mintken
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2023;20:27.   Published online September 27, 2023
  • 781 View
  • 159 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
This study investigated the prevalence of burnout in physical therapists in the United States and the relationships between burnout and education, mentorship, and self-efficacy.
This was a cross-sectional survey study. An electronic survey was distributed to practicing physical therapists across the United States over a 6-week period from December 2020 to January 2021. The survey was completed by 2,813 physical therapists from all states. The majority were female (68.72%), White or Caucasian (80.13%), and employed full-time (77.14%). Respondents completed questions on demographics, education, mentorship, self-efficacy, and burnout. The Burnout Clinical Subtypes Questionnaire 12 (BCSQ-12) and self-reports were used to quantify burnout, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) was used to measure self-efficacy. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed.
Respondents from home health (median BCSQ-12=42.00) and skilled nursing facility settings (median BCSQ-12=42.00) displayed the highest burnout scores. Burnout was significantly lower among those who provided formal mentorship (median BCSQ-12=39.00, P=0.0001) compared to no mentorship (median BCSQ-12=41.00). Respondents who received formal mentorship (median BCSQ-12=38.00, P=0.0028) displayed significantly lower burnout than those who received no mentorship (median BCSQ-12=41.00). A moderate negative correlation (rho=-0.49) was observed between the GSES and burnout scores. A strong positive correlation was found between self-reported burnout status and burnout scores (rrb=0.61).
Burnout is prevalent in the physical therapy profession, as almost half of respondents (49.34%) reported burnout. Providing or receiving mentorship and higher self-efficacy were associated with lower burnout. Organizations should consider measuring burnout levels, investing in mentorship programs, and implementing strategies to improve self-efficacy.
Selectivity of physiotherapist programs in the United States does not differ by institutional funding source or research activity level  
Sean P. Riley, Kyle Covington, Michel D. Landry, Christine McCallum, Chalee Engelhard, Chad E. Cook
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2016;13:17.   Published online April 15, 2016
  • 26,183 View
  • 150 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study aimed to compare selectivity characteristics among institution characteristics to determine differences by institutional funding source (public vs. private) or research activity level (research vs. non-research). Methods: This study included information provided by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE) and the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy. Data were extracted from all students who graduated in 2011 from accredited physical therapy programs in the United States. The public and private designations of the institutions were extracted directly from the classifications from the ‘CAPTE annual accreditation report,’ and high and low research activity was determined based on Carnegie classifications. The institutions were classified into four groups: public/research intensive, public/non-research intensive, private/research intensive, and private/non-research intensive. Descriptive and comparison analyses with post hoc testing were performed to determine whether there were statistically significant differences among the four groups. Results: Although there were statistically significant baseline grade point average differences among the four categorized groups, there were no significant differences in licensure pass rates or for any of the selectivity variables of interest. Conclusion: Selectivity characteristics did not differ by institutional funding source (public vs. private) or research activity level (research vs. non-research). This suggests that the concerns about reduced selectivity among physiotherapy programs, specifically the types that are experiencing the largest proliferation, appear less warranted.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictors of research productivity among physical therapy programs in the United States: an observational study
    David M. Rowland, Amanda A. Murphy, Hannah R. Manik, Chris Y. Lane, Deborah L. Givens, Chad E. Cook, Alessandra Narciso Garcia
    BMC Medical Education.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of funding allocation on physical therapist research productivity and DPT student graduates: an analysis using panel data
    Tara Dickson, P. Daniel Chen, Barrett Taylor
    Advances in Health Sciences Education.2019; 24(2): 269.     CrossRef
  • Predicting performance in health professions education programs from admissions information – Comparisons of other health professions with pharmacy
    Richard E. Wilcox, Kenneth A. Lawson
    Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.2018; 10(4): 529.     CrossRef
  • 20th Pauline Cerasoli Lecture: The Sunk Cost Fallacy
    Chad Cook
    Journal of Physical Therapy Education.2017; 31(3): 10.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions