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Khadija Qamar 1 Article
Higher stress scores for female medical students measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in Pakistan  
Khadija Qamar, Muhammad Rizwan Bash Kiani, Aisha Ayyub, Atif Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Osama
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2014;11:27.   Published online October 9, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2014.11.27
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to determine the stress level of medical students and the relationship between stress and academic year. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at an undergraduate medical school with a five-year curriculum, in Pakistan, from January 2014 to April 2014. Medical students in the first four years were included in the study. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), a self-administered questionnaire, was distributed to the students. A total of 445 medical students completed the questionnaire. The average stress score was 19.61 (SD = 6.76) with a range from 10 to 43. Stress was experienced by 169 students (41.7%). The scores of female students were higher than scores of males, indicating a higher stress level (P = 0.011). The relationship between stress and academic year was insignificant (P = 0.392).

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JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions