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Hyo Jeong Lee 1 Article
Changes in academic performance in the online, integrated system-based curriculum implemented due to the COVID-19 pandemic in a medical school in Korea  
Do-Hwan Kim, Hyo Jeong Lee, Yanyan Lin, Ye Ji Kang
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2021;18:24.   Published online September 23, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2021.18.24
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  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
This study examined how students’ academic performance changed after undergoing a transition to online learning during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, based on the test results of 16 integrated courses conducted in 3 semesters at Hanyang University College of Medicine in Korea.
Methods
For the 16 required courses that formed an integrated system-based curriculum running for 3 semesters, the major examinations’ raw scores were collected for each student. Percent-correct scores were used in the subsequent analysis. We used the t-test to compare grades between 2019 and 2020, and the Cohen D was calculated as a measure of effect size. The correlation of scores between courses was calculated using Pearson correlation coefficients.
Results
There was a significant decrease in scores in 2020 for 10 courses (62.5%). While most of the integrated system-based curriculum test scores showed strong correlations, with coefficients of 0.6 or higher in both 2019 and 2020, the correlation coefficients were generally higher in 2020. When students were divided into low, middle, and high achievement groups, low-achieving students consistently showed declining test scores in all 3 semesters.
Conclusion
Our findings suggest that the transition to online classes due to COVID-19 has led to an overall decline in academic performance. This overall decline, which may occur when the curriculum is centered on recorded lectures, needs to be addressed. Further, medical schools need to consider establishing a support system for the academic development of low-achieving students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The impact of asynchronous online anatomy teaching and smaller learning groups in the anatomy laboratory on medical students’ performance during the Covid‐19 pandemic
    Ming‐Fong Chang, Meng‐Lin Liao, June‐Horng Lue, Chi‐Chuan Yeh
    Anatomical Sciences Education.2022; 15(3): 476.     CrossRef
  • Educational impact of an active learning session with 6-lead mobile electrocardiography on medical students’ knowledge of cardiovascular physiology during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States: a survey-based observational study
    Alexandra Camille Greb, Emma Altieri, Irene Masini, Emily Helena Frisch, Milton Leon Greenberg
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2022; 19: 12.     CrossRef
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 Cases at Universities and Colleges in Seoul Metropolitan Area
    Young June Choe, Yun-Kyung Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions