Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Elio Arruzza 1 Article
The effectiveness of cultural competence education in enhancing knowledge acquisition, performance, attitudes, and student satisfaction among undergraduate health science students: a scoping review  
Elio Arruzza, Minh Chau
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2021;18:3.   Published online February 24, 2021
  • 10,063 View
  • 543 Download
  • 15 Web of Science
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Cultural competence in healthcare assists in the delivery of culturally sensitive and high-quality services. This scoping review aims to provide an overview of the available evidence and to examine the effectiveness of classroom-based intervention strategies used to enhance the cultural competence of undergraduate health science students.
A comprehensive and systematic literature search was undertaken in databases, including Cochrane Library, Medline, and Emcare. Articles were eligible if they employed an experimental study design to assess classroom-based cultural competency education for university students across the health science disciplines. Two reviewers independently screened and extracted relevant data pertaining to study and participant characteristics using a charting table. The outcomes included knowledge, attitudes, skills, and perceived benefits.
Ten studies were analysed. Diverse approaches to cultural education exist in terms of the mode, frequency, and duration of interventions. For the knowledge outcome, students who experienced cultural education interventions yielded higher post-test scores than their baseline cultural knowledge, but without a significant difference from the scores of students who did not receive interventions. Data relating to the skills domain demonstrated positive effects for students after experiencing interventions. Overall, students were satisfied with their experiences and demonstrated improvements in confidence and attitudes towards culturally competent practice.
Across health science disciplines, cultural competency interventions were shown to be effective in enhancing knowledge acquisition, performance of skills, attitudes, and student satisfaction. Future research is necessary to address the significant absence of control arms in the current literature, and to assess long-term effects and patient-related outcomes.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predisposing Factors of Intercultural Sensitivity Among Nursing Students: A Predictive Correlational Design
    Sultan Ayaz-Alkaya, Joyce Simones
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing.2024; 35(1): 83.     CrossRef
  • Usability and Acceptability of a Conversational Agent Health Education App (Nthabi) for Young Women in Lesotho: Quantitative Study
    Elizabeth Nkabane-Nkholongo, Mathildah Mpata-Mokgatle, Brian W Jack, Clevanne Julce, Timothy Bickmore
    JMIR Human Factors.2024; 11: e52048.     CrossRef
  • Examining Cultural Comfort and Knowledge in Undergraduate Nursing Students After the Implementation of an Online Educational Animation on Providing Care for Muslim Patients
    Farhat Alucozai, Elizabeth A. Richards, Amanda Ward, Ann Loomis
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing.2024; 35(3): 237.     CrossRef
  • Unlocking the mechanisms of change in the MAMAACT intervention to reduce ethnic disparity in stillbirth and newborns' health: integration of evaluation findings
    Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Helle Johnsen, Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Janne Sørensen, Elie Azria, Janet Rich-Edwards, Birgitta Essén, Ulla Christensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
    Frontiers in Health Services.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diversity training for health professionals: Preparedness to competently address intellectual disability in the Western Cape Province, South Africa
    Mario R Smith, Maryam Papadakis, Erica Munnik
    Journal of Intellectual Disabilities.2023; 27(1): 24.     CrossRef
  • Physical Therapists' Perceptions of Preparedness to Engage in Culturally Competent Practice Upon Graduation: A Qualitative Research Study
    Emily Schubbe
    Journal of Physical Therapy Education.2023; 37(2): 145.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship Between Cultural Intelligence and Cultural Competence of Students of Nursing and Midwifery During COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Zeynab Bakhtiari, Nasrin Hanifi, Nasrin Jafari Varjoshani
    Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Need for Widely Applicable Cultural Competencies in the Healthcare of Humans and Animals
    Costas S. Constantinou
    Encyclopedia.2023; 3(3): 956.     CrossRef
  • The Changing Landscape of Intercultural Mindset in 616 Doctor of Physical Therapy Students Over the Past 7 Years and the Implications for Doctor of Physical Therapy Cultural Competence Education
    Lisa VanHoose, Heidi Eigsti
    Journal of Physical Therapy Education.2023; 37(4): 271.     CrossRef
  • Patient representation in New Zealand general practice and rural health case-based teaching: a quality improvement exercise
    Jessica Gu, Jim Ross, Sharon Leitch, Felicity Goodyear-Smith
    Journal of Primary Health Care.2023; 15(3): 281.     CrossRef
  • Quality improvement in allied healthcare: Key recommendations for educational institutions
    Jithin Kalathikudiyil Sreedharan, Saad Mohammed AlRabeeah, Arun Vijay Subbarayalu, Edan M. AlZahrani, Jaber Saud AlQahtani, Mohammed Dafer AlAhmari, Abdullah Saeed AlQahtani, Musallam AlNasser, Amal AlSomali, Asma Falah AlHarbi, Yaser AlNaam, Ibrahim A. A
    Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.2023; 43: 101412.     CrossRef
  • Effect of a transcultural nursing course on improving the cultural competency of nursing graduate students in Korea: a before-and-after study
    Kyung Eui Bae, Geum Hee Jeong
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2023; 20: 35.     CrossRef
  • Proceedings From the Advances in Surgery Channel Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Series: Lessons Learned From Asian Academic Surgeons
    Tracy S. Wang, Eugene S. Kim, Quan-Yang Duh, Ankush Gosain, Lillian S. Kao, Anai N. Kothari, Susan Tsai, Jennifer F. Tseng, Allan Tsung, Kasper S. Wang, Steven D. Wexner
    Journal of Surgical Research.2022; 278: 14.     CrossRef
  • Improving Cultural Competence and Self-Efficacy Among Postgraduate Nursing Students: Results of an Online Cultural Care Training Program
    Mohammad Mahdi Fadaeinia, Sakineh Miri, Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Callista Roy, Jamileh Farokhzadian
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing.2022; 33(5): 642.     CrossRef
  • Preparing students to deal with the consequences of the workforce shortage among health professionals: a qualitative approach
    Christoph Golz, Annie Oulevey Bachmann, Tiziana Sala Defilippis, Andrea Kobleder, Karin Anne Peter, René Schaffert, Xenia Schwarzenbach, Thomas Kampel, Sabine Hahn
    BMC Medical Education.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cultural Competence in Healthcare and Healthcare Education
    Costas S. Constantinou, Panayiota Andreou, Monica Nikitara, Alexia Papageorgiou
    Societies.2022; 12(6): 178.     CrossRef
  • Cultural Competence: A tool to Augment the Education Recovery in Universities of Pakistan
    Seema Khalid Khan, Dr. Khalid Mehmood Iraqi
    Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences.2022; 13(2): 73.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions