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Damian James Ianno 1 Article
Journal clubs in Australian medical schools: prevalence, application, and educators’ opinions  
Damian James Ianno, Kelly Mirowska-Allen, Stephen Anthony Kunz, Richard O’Brien
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2020;17:9.   Published online February 26, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.9
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  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
Medically-focused journal clubs have been used as an educational tool for over 100 years, with research indicating that they improve knowledge, reading behaviour, and critical appraisal skills. However, it is unknown how widespread they are in Australian medical schools, nor the opinions of medical education leaders as to their value.
Methods
A nationwide cross-sectional study was performed among academic leaders from every Australian medical school. Individuals were asked to complete a survey detailing their attitudes towards journal clubs using single- or multiple-answer questions, Likert scales, and ranked data. They were asked whether students at their institutions were able to partake in journal clubs, and if so, provided details on their implementation.
Results
At least 1 response was collected from 18 of 19 Australian medical schools. The response rate was 40.8% (60 of 147), and 36 responses (60.0%) were from heads of clinical schools. Respondents from 15 of 18 institutions (83.3%) stated that their institution had a journal club. Of these, 23 (65.7%) were metropolitan institutions and 12 (34.3%) were rural institutions. Eighteen (51.4%) journal clubs were clinician-led, 13 (37.1%) were run through specific hospital departments, and 23 (65.7%) occurred during clinical years. Most respondents (20 [57.1%]) stated that the primary aim of the journal club was to develop critical appraisal skills.
Conclusion
Journal clubs are a highly regarded educational tool in the armoury of medical school educators, with significant heterogeneity in their structure, geographic prevalence, and intended purpose. Further studies of their efficacy in teaching evidence-based medicine is warranted.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Using a journal club to navigate a maze of COVID-19 papers in a front-line hospital service
    Rachel Wenke, Paulina Stehlik, John Gerrard, Sharon Mickan, David Henry
    BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.2023; 28(3): 210.     CrossRef
  • Club bibliográfico de la Sociedad Española de Radiología Médica: Historia, análisis y perspectivas tras 10 años de trayectoria
    D. Herrán de la Gala, C. Biosca Calabuig, J. Miranda Bautista
    Radiología.2023; 65(4): 376.     CrossRef
  • Spanish Society of Medical Radiology Journal Club: History, analysis and perspectives after ten years of experience
    D. Herrán de la Gala, C. Biosca Calabuig, J. Miranda Bautista
    Radiología (English Edition).2023; 65(4): 376.     CrossRef
  • Assessing Medical Students’ Perception of Implementing Journal Club Activities: A Qualitative Study
    Roaa Aljumaa, Reem Elmokattaf, Mohammad Aljumaa, Haifa Almuhanna , Marukh Rashid , Ismail A Abdullah, Abdul Rahman Sukar
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Medical students’ attitudes towards the teaching of cervical and ovarian cancer screening protocols in Ireland: a qualitative study
    Paul McHugh, Donal Brennan, Mary F. Higgins
    Irish Journal of Medical Science (1971 -).2022; 191(1): 469.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions