Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Aisha Ayyub 1 Article
Higher stress scores for female medical students measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in Pakistan  
Khadija Qamar, Muhammad Rizwan Bash Kiani, Aisha Ayyub, Atif Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Osama
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2014;11:27.   Published online October 9, 2014
  • 24,928 View
  • 159 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to determine the stress level of medical students and the relationship between stress and academic year. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at an undergraduate medical school with a five-year curriculum, in Pakistan, from January 2014 to April 2014. Medical students in the first four years were included in the study. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), a self-administered questionnaire, was distributed to the students. A total of 445 medical students completed the questionnaire. The average stress score was 19.61 (SD = 6.76) with a range from 10 to 43. Stress was experienced by 169 students (41.7%). The scores of female students were higher than scores of males, indicating a higher stress level (P = 0.011). The relationship between stress and academic year was insignificant (P = 0.392).


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Family support and psychological distress among commuter college students
    Jennifer Parker, Abigail Yacoub, Sahira Mughal, Fadi Mamari
    Journal of American College Health.2023; 71(2): 479.     CrossRef
  • Mental well-being in Sri Lankan medical students: a cross-sectional study
    Courtney E. Wimberly, Harshini Rajapakse, Lawrence P. Park, Ashley Price, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Truls Østbye
    Psychology, Health & Medicine.2022; 27(6): 1213.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol use disorder and its associated factors among residents in Southern Ethiopia during the era of COVID-19
    Habtamu Endashaw Hareru, Abdene Weya Kaso, Berhanu Gidisa Debela, Lulu Abebe, Daniel Sisay W/tsadik, Reta Kassa Abebe, Chalachew Kassaw
    SAGE Open Medicine.2022; 10: 205031212211050.     CrossRef
  • The impact of COVID‐related economic shocks on household mental health in Pakistan
    Victoria Baranov, Pauline Grosjean, Fatima Jamal Khan, Sarah Walker
    Health Economics.2022; 31(10): 2208.     CrossRef
  • Difference of Psychological Distress among First- and Third-year Indonesian Medical Students
    Cut Rika Pratiwi, Bahagia Loebis, Vita Camellia, Elmeida Effendy
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(T7): 150.     CrossRef
  • A novel model to predict mental distress among medical graduate students in China
    Fei Guo, Min Yi, Li Sun, Ting Luo, Ruili Han, Lanlan Zheng, Shengyang Jin, Jun Wang, Mingxing Lei, Changjun Gao
    BMC Psychiatry.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The assessment of stress level, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and defense mechanisms among Polish and English medical students
    M. Pawlaczyk, J. Siembida, K. Balaj, A. Rajewska-Rager
    Annals of General Psychiatry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Helping Students Keep the Promise: Exploring how Kalamazoo Promise Scholars’ Basic Needs, Motivation, and Engagement Correlate to Performance and Persistence in a 4-Year Institution
    Daniel Collier, Ceceilia Parnther, Dan Fitzpatrick, Chelsea Brehm, Andrea Beach
    Innovative Higher Education.2019; 44(5): 333.     CrossRef
  • Coming to College Hungry: How Food Insecurity Relates to Amotivation, Stress, Engagement, and First-Semester Performance in a 4-Year University
    Daniel Collier, Dan Fitzpatrick, Chelsea Brehm, Eric Archer
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and correlates of psychological stress among teachers at a national key comprehensive university in China
    Wenjun Li, Changgui Kou
    International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health.2018; 24(1-2): 7.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions