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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2022; 19: 16.
Published online July 14, 2022.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2022.19.16
[Epub ahead of print]
Prevalence of burnout and related factors in nursing faculty members: a systematic review
Marziyeh Hosseini1  , Mitra Soltanian1,2  , Camellia Torabizadeh1  , Zahra Hadian Shirazi1,2 
1Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Correspondence  Mitra Soltanian ,Email: soltanian@sums.ac.ir
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: April 19, 2022  Accepted after revision: May 31, 2022
Abstract
Purpose
The current study aimed to identify the prevalence of burnout and related factors in nursing faculty members through a systematic review of the literature.
Methods
A comprehensive search of electronic databases, including Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Iranmedex, and Scientific Information Database was conducted via keywords extracted from Medical Subject Headings, including burnout and nursing faculty, for studies published from database inception to April 1, 2022. The quality of the included studies in this review was assessed using the appraisal tool for cross-sectional studies.
Results
A total of 2,551 nursing faculty members were enrolled in 11 studies. The mean score of burnout in nursing faculty members based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was 59.28 out of 132. The burnout score in this study was presented in 3 MBI subscales: emotional exhaustion, 21.24 (standard deviation [SD]=9.70) out of 54; depersonalization, 5.88 (SD=4.20) out of 30; and personal accomplishment, 32.16 (SD=6.45) out of 48. Several factors had significant relationships with burnout in nursing faculty members, including gender, level of education, hours of work, number of classroom students taught, full-time work, job pressure, perceived stress, subjective well-being, marital status, job satisfaction, work setting satisfaction, workplace empowerment, collegial support, management style, fulfillment of self-expectation, communication style, humor, and academic position.
Conclusion
Overall, the mean burnout scores in nursing faculty members were moderate. Therefore, health policymakers and managers can reduce the likelihood of burnout in nursing faculty members by using psychosocial interventions and support.
Keywords: Job satisfaction; Nursing faculty; Prevalence; Professional burnout; Psychosocial intervention
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